Understanding how diseases spread is not a new discipline of study, but with increased concerns about the effects of our global world on the spread of dangerous viruses like SARS, AIDS, and yes, bird flu, I thought it would be timely to mention yet another use of GIS, Remote Sensing, and other geospatial technologies: landscape epidemiology. As a discipline, it dates back to the 1960s, when the notion that understanding the landscape and environment in areas where certain diseases develop or are particularly dangerous could help in predicting where diseases will spread and how severe outbreaks will be. Satellite imagery and GIS are being used successfully in landscape epidemiology studies, and a number of examples can be found on the Web, including a GIS project mapping SARS featured at GISUser.com
Other examples include projects studying West Nile Virus and this 2003 project to study Ebola
The ZevRoss website has a nice overview article here
A student in the UK has mapped the London Tube system using time as his base of measure, not distance. While his approach isn’t exactly novel, it is interesting, especially coming from a non GIS background.
The University of Maryland has an interesting concept for traffic monitoring and mapping – peer-to-peer traffic monitoring! The idea is that cars will be equpied with devices which can communicate with nearby cars to report traffic conditions and the like. It’s an interesting use of peer-to-peer technologies and potentially GIS.
TrafficView. Read the PDF for the most in depth information.
Online abstract submission for URISA’s 2006 Annual Meeting in Vancouver is now up and running, with abstract submissions due by January 6, 2006. You can submit your abstract at the URISA website